Opera® Pressure Care Mattress Buying Guide
In this guide, we’ll introduce you to the different types of pressure care mattresses and who they are suitable for. You will learn how to specify the correct mattress from the Opera® range and we'll point out the key considerations when buying a mattress system.
Before choosing the type of pressure care mattress, it’s important to determine the user’s level of risk. We recommend reading our complete guide to pressure ulcers which looks at the definition of a pressure ulcer as well as its signs and symptoms to catergorise the risk of the user.
The different types of pressure relieving surfaces
Static mattresses are made up of a single or multiple pressure relieving foams. They are a static surface and relieve pressure over time by responding to body shape, movement and heat. Castellations and shaped surfaces as well as air pockets are often used to offer additional pressure relief.
For immobile users, it is essential that carers reposition them regularly on the mattress surface (once every two to three hours). A static surface can only relieve so much pressure and sores will develop if the patient is not moved regularly.
Static mattresses are designed to prevent ulcers rather than treat them, however the more sophisticated layered foam mattress can be used to heal grade 1 ulcers as long as there is a turning plan for the user.
Alternating (Dynamic Air)
Alternating pressure mattresses, commonly referred to as air-flow mattresses, relieve and redistribute pressure through a dynamic lying surface. These mattresses are constructed from a row of lateral air cells that constantly alternate, whilst some cells are inflated the others are deflated. Air flow is controlled through a pump unit which connects to the mattress and is usually hooked onto the footboard of the bed the mattress is being used with.
The air cells that are inflated support the user whilst the deflated air cells provide total pressure relief to the skin above them. The air pump then inflates the deflated cells and deflates the inflated cells, ensuring the user’s skin is subjected to movement as well as periods of no pressure.
Alternating pressure mattresses are typically used to help treat developed pressure ulcers and also to prevent ulcers for users that are unable to move themselves. They reduce the need for manual repositioning and provide consistent pressure relief. However, they do present comfort considerations, namely with the moving lying surface and also compressor noise.
Hybrid pressure mattresses combine both alternating and static mattress systems into one mattress. This is usually in the form of alternating air cells inset in a foam mattress surround with a soft foam topper. Hybrid pressure mattresses provide advanced pressure relief that an alternating air pressure mattress brings, whilst still maintaining the high level of comfort found in a static foam pressure mattress.
The majority of hybrid pressure mattresses require a mains-powered air pump to operate the integral alternating air cells. New, innovative technology has also led to non-powered hybrid mattresses that relieve pressure by responding intelligently to body shape and movement. Air cells are self-adjusting through valves that inhale and exhale naturally as pressure is exerted on the mattress surface. See the Opera® Impulse Hybrid Mattress.
Hybrid mattresses are designed for users who are at high or very high risk of developing sores but still have some mobility.
Automatic Lateral Turning Systems
Within pressure care management, user turning, position and repositioning plays a key role in the prevention of pressure ulcers and their treatment.
A turning plan is essential for the well-being of persons who are cared for around the bed, especially for those with a high risk of pressure damage or who have limited mobility. Effective positioning should be carried out every 2 to 4 hours depending on the nature of the circumstances such as skin condition, mobility, and other factors.
Automatic lateral turning systems are a highly effective way in the management and treatment of pressure ulcer development. Turning systems allow the user to be automatically repositioned for effective pressure relief and eliminate the need for manual turning. They ensure users are turned safely and correctly, improving well-being and esteem and greater efficiency within care settings.
As there is no need for manual turning, caregivers are not at risk of injury to their neck, back, or shoulders. Meanwhile, users are not being disrupted during the night to be turned.
Key purchasing/specifying considerations
Aside from the risk category and type of pressure relieving surface, there are some other key considerations to bear in mind when specifying an Opera® pressure care mattress.
Pressure care mattress are available in two different forms; an overlay system, or a full replacement system.
An overlay system is a shallow depth mattress that is designed to be used on existing mattresses. They are usually about 2-5” in depth, and are laid on top of an existing mattress or underlay.
A full replacement system is a pressure care mattress that is only to be used as a single unit. They have deep air cells that are 6”+ in depth and their more sophisticated construction means they provide greater levels of pressure relief.
All Opera® pressure care mattresses 2000cm/6ft in length and are available in a variety of widths to accommodate different bed sizes, including 90cm/3ft Single, 105cm/3ft6 and 120cm/4ft.
All Opera® pressure care mattresses have a wipe-clean PU cover. They are two-way stretch and vapour-permeable to prevent moisture as well as allow for better microclimate control. On some models, the cover is impregnated with antimicrobial agents ensuring the mattress covers are resistant to bacterial growth including MRSA, fungal growth and house dust mite.
Opera® mattress covers are durable and manufactured to withstand rigorous cleaning practices. 50,000ppm Chlorine resistance resists damage even where Chlorine builds up through multiple cleaning cycles.
Bases on the static mattresses are designed for lighter use and are usually non-slip to minimise mattress movement. For alternating and hybrid systems, the bases are constructed from a tough nylon material that prevents damage to air cells. They also have securing straps to limit movement and/or handling loops to ease transfer of the mattress.
The Opera® range
The Opera® range of pressure care mattresses is split into the three types of pressure relieving surface: static; alternating; and hybrid.
Opera® Static Mattresses
Opera® static mattresses are high-quality everyday pressure care mattresses designed for users who are at risk of developing sores but are able to move themselves or be regularly tuned by a carer.
- Single or layered foam options.
- Castellations ease profiling and relieve pressure.
- High density edging foam eases transfer.
- Firmness ratings help to ensure user comfort.
Opera® Alternating Mattresses
Opera® alternating mattresses are made up of air cells that alternate to redistribute pressure across the user's body. Cells are powered by a pump unit where the users weight, the time cycle and airflow settings can be selected.
- Overlay and full replacement mattress systems
- Low noise pumps for minimal disruption
- Auto-weighing technology on some systems
- Suitable for high and very high risk users
Opera® Hybrid Mattresses
Opera® hybrid mattresses use a combination of foam and air cell technology to provide advanced pressure relief alongside optimal user comfort. Opera's hybrid mattress range consists of both powered and un-powered options, which rely on the users movement to adjust the air cells.
- Enjoy the benefits of both foam and air technology
- Powered and un-powered hybrid mattresses
- Suitable for very high risk users
- Eliminated risk of "bottoming out" during profiling
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